Shoulder Conditions - Frozen Shoulder (Adhesive Capsulitis)

Frozen shoulder is a condition that is most commonly found in women between the ages of 40 and 60, but can affect anyone regardless of gender, arm preference, or occupation. It involves swelling or contraction of the glenohumeral ligaments, which form a capsule around the shoulder joint. This results in limited motion or stiffness in the shoulder as well as a dull, aching pain on the outside of the shoulder or upper arm. People generally report difficulty putting one's wallet away or strapping their bra or other activities requiring reaching behind their back.

Frozen shoulder could occur after the shoulder has been immobilized for a long period of time, and is more prevalent in those who suffer from diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, hypothyroidism, and hyperthyroidism. Although this condition usually improves on its own, treatment options include anti-inflammatory medications, stretching exercises, and physical therapy. Steroid injections have also proven beneficial in terms of speeding up the course of the process which can take upwards to one year to resolve. In severe cases, surgery may be required.